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The Role of Nulcear Weapons in Pakistan'' National Security Policy million generation 1 144 hgbc battle 006 weapons hg war up to weapons and equipment
Pakistan experienced grave external security threats to its prime national security values-political independence, territorial integrity, and sovereignty, immediately after its inception. Pakistan employed various security tools of internal and external balancing other than nuclear weapons to guard its prime values from the strategies of war and black-mail of India. Post 1971 debacle and India''s so-called PNE of 1974 national security evaluation compelled the then Pakistani leadership to exploit the deterrence value of nuclear weapons. After the induction of nuclear weapons in its national security policy, Pakistan successfully held India at bay during Brasstacks Operation-1987, Kashmir Crisis 1990, Kargil War 1999, and Military Standoff of 2001-2002. Nevertheless, Indian leadership is continuously exploring various unwise strategic choices to undermine the existing posture of minimum credible deterrence of Pakistan. Therefore, Pakistan must reevaluate intelligently its nuclear posture to strengthen the fabric of nuclear deterrence.
4136 RUR
Weird Weapons Intermediate Book with Online Access million generation 1 144 hgbc battle 006 weapons hg war up to weapons and equipment
Cambridge Discovery Education Interactive Readers are the next generation of graded readers - captivating topics, high-impact video, and interactive exercises designed to motivate and engage. Boomerangs! Catapults! Sword rockets! Bat bombs! Throughout history, people have had no trouble finding ways to harm one another. Discover some of the strangest and most dangerous weapons that people have ever made. Use your unique code to access the online reader, complete with videos and interactive exercises. Plus, download a free e-book version of the reader!
539 RUR
Weapons in Space: A Legal Narrative million generation 1 144 hgbc battle 006 weapons hg war up to weapons and equipment
Outer Space being the highest possible entity available to man has all the potentials to become a prized military strategic asset. The ever rapid advancement of Space Technology can help realize this potential of outer space, which if consolidated upon can be an apocalyptical situation for mankind. With Nation States focusing more and more on preserving their national security interests post World War II, rapid pace of militarization of outer space by major space faring nations, could lay down the foundation for a speculated World War III. The 21st Century has seen the Space faring nations engaged into a constant debate leading to a tussle between them with regard to the need for prohibition in placement of weapons in outer space. With consensus seeming impossible to be achieved in the near future, this paper tries to analyze the recent developments of the proposed legal instruments to curb the issue of weaponization of outer space and comes out with the observation of best possible option that can be chosen in the present scenario. The paper concludes with the viewpoint of a developing space power like India and the possible stance of the same on the issue of weapons in space.
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The Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons million generation 1 144 hgbc battle 006 weapons hg war up to weapons and equipment
Since the end of the Second World War the international community has built, very slowly and with many difficulties, the so-called “nuclear non-proliferation regime.” The main purpose of this regime is to impede the proliferation of nuclear weapons having as its final goal the complete elimination of all weapons of this type but without defining a period during which this goal must be achieved. Up to now the strategy adopted by all nuclear-weapon States in the field of non-proliferation of nuclear weapons has been associated with their main policy objectives in the field of nuclear disarmament, which is to impede that any new country have access to a nuclear weapon and to preserve an acceptable level of dissuasion. However, it is important to highlight that despite all efforts made by some of the nuclear-weapon States to impose this strategy,their enforcement has not been able to impede completely the horizontal proliferation of nuclear weapons. Eight or nine countries have declared that they possess nuclear weapons in their military arsenals or the international community knows that they have this type of weapons; four others destroyed their nuclear weapons in the 1990s.
4579 RUR